IceCube submits proposal for cubic-kilometer South Pole neutrino detector

In November 1999, the fledgling IceCube Collaboration (mostly members of the AMANDA Collaboration) submitted a 67-page proposal for a cubic-kilometer neutrino detector at the South Pole to the US National Science Foundation and to partners in Belgium, Germany, and Sweden. In it, the University of Wisconsin–Madison was designated the lead institution, Francis Halzen was principal investigator, and Bob Paulos was project manager.

A blue, rectangular pod with 7 pill-shaped windows and a satellite dish on top. An elevated dorm at the South Pole.
This photo was taken in November 1999, around the time the proposal for IceCube was submitted. An elevated dorm at the South Pole that houses 20 people, the building had solar panels and communications antennae on its roof. It was later converted into the IceCube Laboratory. Credit: Aaron Spitzer, NSF